Alauddin Khan Biography:
Alauddin Khan was born in India in 1881 during British colonial rule in a small village of Shibpur in Brahmanbaria, which fell under the jurisdiction of Bangladesh. He was the youngest son of his father Sabdar Hossain Khan, also called Sadhu Khan.
In his first days, he was first exposed to music by his brother Fakir Aftabuddin. So his brother was his first guru who taught him the basics of music. Passionate about music, he quickly fled home from the group Jatra, a traditional form of folk theater.
Barely 10 years old, he got to know Bengali folk music and worked for several years in the theater house. Soon after he moved to Calcutta and began to learn music under the direction of Gopal Krishna Bhattacharya, also known as Gopal None. But after seven years of practice, Alauddin could not survive the death of his Master, but soon became a disciple of Amritalal Dutt, a close relative of Swami Vivekananda, with the goal of becoming an artist sarod. At the same time, he also began lessons in classical European violin by Lobo, who would have directed his own group.
Alauddin Khan was married to Devi Madanmanjari and had a son named Ali Akbar Khan, known for his talent as a sarod player. The couple also had three daughters, Sharija, Jehanara, and Annapurna, also known as Roshanara Khan. Jehanara and Annapurna were trained under their father.
Jehanara learned Tanpura; however, it was said that Annapurna was the brightest among his four sons because he managed to master the art of classical vocal music with musical instruments such as sitar and surbahar.
Allauddin’s passion for the musical instrument, Sarod, did not develop until he participated in the live performance of Ahmed Ali Khan. He then became his student and trained for five years, after which he went to Rampur to be led by Khan Wazir Beenkar, who thought a famous court musician for one of the Mughal nobles and one of the last to succeed Tansen. Under him, Allauddin learned the musical style of Tansen, known as Senia Gharana.
Alauddin followed in the footsteps of his master and became court musician of Brijnath Singh Maharaja of Maihar in Madhya Pradesh. During his days at the royal court, Allauddin developed an individual music school called Maihar Gharana, which was founded in the 19th century. It was a time when it was said that Hindustani’s classical music had undergone several changes and Khan had brought the basic elements of Maihar Gharana.
He also introduced others and encouraged them by touching them, known as instruments of gebbaj, dhrupad ang and surbahar sur-sringar, which only develop their musical knowledge. After his life as a court musician, he passed on his musical talent to many of his students, which changed Maihar Gharana’s music style.
Among his favorite elders include Ravi Shankar, Nikhil Banerjee, Rabin Ghosh, Baijnath Singh, Pannalal Ghosh, Vasant Rai and his son Ali Akbar Khan and his daughter Annapurna Devi. In 1955, he created the Maihar College of Music to promote new talent. He has also made an international musical tour to promote Hindustani music.
In 1959, Khan recorded some of his ragas with All India Radio for a year, after which he picked him up. He is revered as the best instrumentalist and idol of many popular Hindu classical musicians. He is not only a well-known teacher and composer but also the founder of Maihar-style music popularized by his student Ravi Shankar. With a life of devotion to classical music, it is not surprising that he masters several of India’s classical instruments such as sitar, surbahar, and sarod.
This, in turn, developed and developed only his pedagogy, which made him the most sought-after music teacher. In 1955 he opened the Maihar College of Music, where I had students like Ravi Shankar, Ali Akbar Khan and Roshanara Khan as his students. Allauddin Khan has won numerous prestigious awards such as Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan.
Ustad Allauddin Khan went to the heavenly abode on September 6, 1972. Apparently, he was 91 years old.
Prize of the Sangeet Natak Academy, 1952
Padma Bhushan, 1958
Padma Vibhushan, 1971
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